Durga Puja 2022 Dates, Time, Shubh Muhurat, History

Durga Puja, the auspicious festival, will begin on October 1 and end on October 5. This festival honours the Goddess Durga and is observed in West Bengal, Assam, Odisha, and Tripura.

Shashthi, Saptami, Ashtami, Navami, and Dashami are the five days observed during Durga Puja. The festival is held in the month of Ashwin to commemorate Goddess Durga’s victory over the demon Mahishasura in a battle. This celebration celebrates the triumph of good over evil.

Shubh Muhurat

The Shubh mahurat for Ghatasthapana on October 1st is from 06:17 to 07:55.

Shukla Paksha Pratipada Tithi: The Pratipada date will run from September 26 at 03.24 a.m. to September 27 at 03.08 a.m.

The following events take place throughout these five days:

Day 1: Akal Bodhan and Kalparambha (6th day of Devi Paksha)

Day 2:Kolabou Puja and Navpatrika Puja (7th day of Devi Paksha)

Day 3: Durga Ashtami and Sandhi Puja (8th day of Devi Paksha)

Day 4: Maha Navami and Navami Homa (9th day of Devi Paksha)

Day 5: Vijayadashami, Durga Visarjan, and Sindoor Utsav (10th day of Devi Paksha)

Ritual Perform During Durga Puja

durga puja Ritual

Chokhudan:- The Chokhudan ritual is the oldest Durga Puja custom in Kolkata. During “Chokhudan,” Durga’s eyes are presented. Chala production takes three to four months. In conclusion, Durga’s eyes are created.

Importance of Ashtami:- On Ashtami Day, Kolkatans celebrate the Ashtami Pushpanjali festival. Everyone presents flowers to Durga on this day. It is known as offering Mother Durga floral tributes. Regardless of where in Bengal they may reside, Bengalis always get up early on Ashtami to present flowers to Durga.

Two Pujas:- Kolkata’s Durga celebration encompasses more than just pandals. There are two different kinds of Durga Pujas that people perform. There are two separate Durga Pujas, one of which is called Para and is observed on a grand scale, and the other, called Barir, is observed at home. Pandals and big community facilities are where Para is organised. In Kolkata’s northern and southern regions, the second barir is held.

Kumari Puja:- The entire Puja in Kolkata is dedicated to worshipping Goddess Durga in a variety of ways. In front of the goddess, Kumari is revered at this time. It is regarded as the most sincere and revered method of goddess worship. Selected females between the ages of one and sixteen are worshipped with aarti.

Sandhya Aarti:- During this time, Sandhya Aarti has a unique significance. People go great distances to watch Sandhya Aarti in Kolkata because it is such a brilliant and stunning sight. People who attend this puja in traditional Bengali clothing add to its grandeur and beauty. They are connected by the festive mood all around them.

Throughout the nine-day event, Sandhya Aarti is performed every evening. Rituals for Sandhya Aarti are carried out to the sounds of drums, nagadas, bells, and music.

Sindoor Khela:- On Dashami, the final day of the puja, women perform vermilion. They use vermilion to paint each other in it. And with that, the entire celebration, whose preparations start months in advance, comes to a close.

Dhunuchi Dance:- Dhunuchi Dance is also known as Shakti Dance. This dance is performed in the Bengal Puja tradition to amplify Mother Bhavani’s power and vitality. Dhunuchi is where coconut coir, jata, and havan material (dhuni) are stored. The Devi’s Aarti is performed in this manner. Beginning on Saptami and continuing through Ashtami and Navami is the Dhunuchi Dance.

Vijay Dashami:- Dashmi marks the conclusion of the Navratri celebration. On this day, Bengal’s streets are thronged with people in all directions. On this day, everyone who attends worship visits each other’s homes. Best wishes are exchanged along with treats.

You must visit Kolkata during these nine days if you want to witness Bengal’s authentic and spiritual beauty. Durga Puja is a sight to behold in West Bengal, much like Garba is in Gujarat.

Durga Puja History

It is thought that in the 17th and 18th centuries, zamindars and wealthy people organised large-scale pujas in which everyone joined under one roof to worship Goddess Durga. In Kolkata, for example, Achala Puja is immensely popular. It was founded in 1610 by zamindar Laxmikant Majumdar from 33 Raja Nabakrishna Road in Shobha Bazar Chhoto Rajbari in Kolkata, although it was primarily established in 1757. Not only that, but the statue of Goddess Durga was erected in pandals outside of Bengal, and her puja was lavishly organised.

According to another legend, the festival of Durga Puja in West Bengal began after the Plassey Battle in 1757. Durga Puja is claimed to have been held for the first time to praise God for the British victory in the Battle of Plassey. The Bengali king, Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula, was crushed in the Battle of Plassey.

Plassey, on the banks of the Ganges, is located 22 miles south of Murshidabad in Bengal. On June 23, 1757, a war broke out between the Nawab’s troops and the British. The British East India Company’s army, led by Robert Clive, defeated Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula in the war. However, before to the battle, Robert Clive had taken several of the Nawab’s prominent courtiers and the city’s affluent Seths with him through a plot.

According to legend, after the war’s success, Robert Clive sought to thank God. During the conflict, however, Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula burned all of the local churches. At the time, King Nav Krishnadev, the British’s advocate, appeared. He advocated holding a large Durga Puja in front of Robert Clive. This plan was also approved by Robert Clive. In the same year, Kolkata hosted a magnificent Durga Puja for the first time.

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The entire city of Kolkata was lavishly decked. Purana Bari, Shobha Bazar, Kolkata had a Durga Puja. The famous painters and sculptors of Krishnanagar were summoned at this time. Wonderful sculptures were created. Sri Lankan dancers and Varma were summoned. Robert Clive took in the ceremony while riding an elephant. People travelled long distances to attend this event in Kolkata.

As documentation of this event, a British painting depicting the first Durga Puja conducted in Kolkata has been discovered. A painting was also installed in King Nav Krishnadev’s palace. This showed the Durga Puja festivities in Kolkata. This painting is used to tell the story of the first Durga Puja.

The 1757 Durga Puja extravaganza astounded the large, affluent landlords as well. When the zamindari system was implemented in Bengal, the wealthiest landlords of the area began conducting magnificent Durga pujas every year to demonstrate their power and pride. People used to travel long distances to witness this type of worship. Durga Puja gradually gained popularity and spread throughout the country.

Other Stories About Durga Puja

There are numerous accounts concerning the first time Durga Puja was organised. It is reported that it was founded in the ninth century by a young man from Bengal. There is another mention of a Bengali scholar named Raghunandan Bhattacharya conducting the first Durga Puja. Another myth goes that for the first time in Bengal, a Zamindar Narayan of Tahirpur organised Durga Puja under the leadership of a Pandit named Kullak Bhatt. The ceremony was solely for family members. It is stated that the Pala and the Senvanshis heavily promoted Durga Puja in Bengal.

It is reported that around 1790, kings and landlords organised the first public Durga Puja in Gupti Padha, in Bengal’s Nadia district. Durga Puja became prominent in everyday life after then, and it became a practise to celebrate it in magnificent style.