Jharkhand Foundation Day 2023 Date, History, State Details & More

Northeastern India’s Jharkhand is also known as “The land of the jungle” or “Bushland.” The bordering states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east all share a boundary with Jharkhand.

On November 15, 2000, the Chota Nagpur region was separated from Bihar to become Jharkhand state, India’s 28th state.


On November 15, 2000, the Bihar Reorganization Act created the state of Jharkhand. It once made up a chunk of Bihar’s southern side. The birth date of Bhagwan Birsa Munda is November 15.

Jharkhand has several cultural customs and is home to the woods of the Chhotanagpur plateau and Santhal Pargana. Following independence, the government created the Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council in 1995, followed by an autonomous State as a result of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha’s frequent demonstrations.


The Damodar, Kharkai, Brahmani, Koel, and Subarnarekha rivers are located in the Chota Nagpur Plateau in Jharkhand. The majority of the state is covered in woods, allowing tigers and Asian elephants with a natural habitat.

The topography of Jharkhand is made up of red soil, laterite soil, sandy soil, and black soil. Three seasons, namely the cold, hot, and monsoon, are most frequently experienced in the state. The winter season lasts from November to February, the summer season from March to mid-June, and the rainy season from mid-June to October.


:- Capital– Ranchi

:- Jharkhand State Animal– Indian Elephant

:- Jharkhand State Bird– Koel

:- Jharkhand Flower– Palash

:- Jharkhand Tree– Sal

:- Rank according to Area– 15

:- Population (as per mid-2020)– approx. 38,593,948

:- Rank according to population– 14

:- No. of Districts– 24

:- Area– 79,716 sq. km (approx.)

:- National Highways– 1844 Km

:- State Highways– 6880 Km

:- Density – 22,429 sq. km.


:- Coal, iron ore, copper ore, uranium, mica, bauxite, granite, limestone, silver, graphite, magnetite, and dolomite are just a few of the abundant mineral resources found in the state of Jharkhand.

:- Data supplied by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion shows that Jharkhand received FDI equity inflows totaling US$113 million between April 2000 and December 2018. (DIPP).

:- In Jharkhand, agriculture provides the primary source of income for almost 80% of the rural people.

:- The main crop grown in Jharkhand is rice.

:- Among Jharkhand’s electricity projects, Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) is the most exclusive.

:- The three largest medical centers in Jharkhand are at Ranchi, Jamshedpur, and Dhanbad. There are about 500 medical facilities in the state.

:- In Jharkhand, respiratory problems, diarrhea, and dysentery are the three main causes of death.

:- Among the top universities in the state are Ranchi University, Sido Kanhu Murmu University, Vinoba Bhave University, and Birsa Agriculture University.

:- The most well-known dance style in Jharkhand is called Chau, a masked tribal dance.