On August 7, India celebrates National Handloom Day. On this day, the Swadeshi movement began in Bengal in 1905, with the goal of boycotting foreign-made products and promoting Indian-made products.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi established the first National Handloom Day in 2015 to recognise the hard work and efforts of weavers across the country.
National Handloom Day History
To honouring the 100th anniversary of the Swadeshi Movement, which began in 1905, the government of India chose the same day to observe National Handloom Day.
The Swadeshi movement began in Calcutta Town Hall as a protest against the British government’s partition of Bengal. The main goal of this movement was to boycott foreign-made products and promote Swadeshi goods, as Mahatma Gandhi described Swadeshi as the soul of swaraj.
On July 31, 1921, Gandhiji burned 1,50,000 English clothes at Elphinstone Mill Compound in Parel, Mumbai, to strengthen the Swadeshi Movement. Gandhiji established Khadi spinning mills throughout the country and branded Khadi spinners as freedom fighters.
On August 7, 2015, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the first handloom day in Chennai’s Centenary Corridor to immortalize the Swadeshi Movement.
National Handloom Day Significance
National Handloom Day is observed to commemorate the country’s rich heritage and culture. Handloom is one of the most important sources of income for women, and it is also important to celebrate and honour the country’s handloom weavers.
The government has also put in place a number of schemes to help Handloom communities, including the National Handloom Development Programme (NHDP), the Handloom Weavers Comprehensive Welfare Scheme (HWCWS), the Comprehensive Handloom Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS), and the Yarn Supply Scheme (YSS).
India is also the world’s largest consumer and second-largest producer of cotton. India is the world’s second-largest exporter of handloom products, the domestic apparel industry contributes 5% of India’s total GDP, and textile and apparel exports are expected to reach $65 billion by 2025-26.
National Handloom Day Date and Theme
Every year on August 7, National Handloom Day is observed, and the theme for 2022 has yet to be announced.