Purim 2022 begins on Wednesday night, March 16, and continues through Thursday, March 17, (extending through Friday in Jerusalem).
The jolly Jewish holiday of Purim is celebrated every year on the 14th of the Hebrew month of Adar (late winter/early spring).
Purim means “lots” in ancient Persian. The holiday was thus named since Haman had thrown lots to determine when he would carry out his diabolical scheme.
You can pronounce this name in many ways. In Eastern tradition, it is called poo-REEM. Among Westerners, it is often called PUH-rim.
Purim, (Hebrew: “Lots”) English Feast of Lots, a joyous Jewish festival commemorating the survival of the Jews who, in the 5th century BCE, were marked for death by their Persian rulers. The story is related to the biblical Book of Esther.
Haman, principal minister of King Ahasuerus, incensed that Mordecai, a Jew, held him in misprision and refused obeisance, induced the king that the Jews living under Persian rule were rebellious and should be massacred.
With the king’s concurrence, Haman set a date for the prosecution (the 13th day of the month of Adar) by casting lots and erecting gallows for Mordecai.
When word of the planned butchery reached Esther, cherished Jewish queen of Ahasuerus and espoused son of Mordecai, she risked her life by going unasked to the king to suggest a feed that Haman would attend.
At the mess, she contended for the Jews and indicted “ this wicked Haman” of conniving the obliteration of her people. Upset, the king stepped out into the palace auditoriums.
On returning, he plants Haman “ falling on the settee where Esther was.” The king mistook Haman’s frantic pleas for mercy as an attack upon the queen.
The outraged king ordered that Haman be hanged and that Mordecai be named to his position. Esther and Mordecai also attained a royal edict allowing Jews throughout the conglomerate to attack their adversaries on Adar 13.
After an exhilarating palm, they declared the following day vacation and ( suggesting to the lots Haman had cast) named it Purim.
The literal reality of this biblical occasion has frequently been questioned, and the factual origins of the Purim jubilee, which was formerly long- established by the 2nd century CE, remain unknown. The ritual observance of Purim begins with a day of fasting, Taʿanit Esther ( Fast of Esther) on Adar 13, the day antedating the factual vacation.
The most distinctive aspect of the temple service is the reading of the Book of Esther. On Purim Jews are also enjoined to change gifts and make donations to the poor.
Through time’s numerous nonreligious customs have come to be associated with the jubilee, among them the baking of the three-cornered afters called hamantaschen (“ Haman’s cognizance”). Purim plays, which came popular during the 17th century, contribute to the festival atmosphere especially enjoyed by children.