The Sanskrit dialect that means “northern city” is where the name Uttarakhand originates. We only think of Uttarakhand as “Dev Bhoomi,” or the “place of the Gods,” when we discuss it.
It crosses the snow-capped Himalayan ranges and is regarded as a significant Hindu pilgrimage location. The Indian state of Uttarakhand, which was established on November 9, 2000, is regarded as being tranquil and pleasant.
Let us open the curtain for you with its history and other noteworthy characteristics on the occasion of its birth anniversary.
UTTARAKHAND FOUNDATION DAY HISTORY
The history of Uttarakhand is extensive, and it has an illustrious past. This region was ruled by emperors like the Kanishka, Kudina, Samudragupta, Kushana, Pawara, Chandra, and Pala.
Numerous Hindu texts also make mention Uttrakhand. Reading about both the Garhwal and Kumaon civilizations will help you better understand the history of this area.
On November 9, 2000, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh split apart, becoming India’s 27th state. It was formerly known as Uttaranchal. Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Nepal, Haryana, and Tibet are the states that border Uttarakhand. In 2007, Uttaranchal has officially renamed Uttarakhand.
CELEBRATIONS FOR UTTARAKHAND FOUNDATION DAY
The “State Foundation Week,” which begins on November 3 and includes events like “Mera Sainik” and culminates with “Bharat Bharti” on November 9, is the customary celebration for Uttarakhand Foundation Day.
The Chief Minister of Uttarakhand also discusses numerous strategies and suggestions for advancing Uttarakhand. The Mahila Shakti Sammelan was remembered last year by the then-chief minister Trivendra Singh Rawat, and it was attended by celebrities from Bollywood like Himani Shivpuri and Rekha Sharma, as well as the head of the National Commission for Women.
THE HUMAN POPULATION’S DIVERSE ETHNICITY
The state of Uttarakhand is multicultural. It consists of individuals with Kumaon, Garhwal, Gujjar, and Rajput ancestry. There are a sizable number of residents from the nearby country of Nepal.
Although Hindi is the state’s official language, Garhwali, Kumaoni, Nepali, and Punjabi are also spoken there.
FESTIVALS IN UTTARAKHAND
Khatoduwa: In the Kumaon region, the event is observed on the first day of the month of Ashwin. Mostly animals are honoured during this time. Also, celebrate this day for the victory of the Kumaun king against the Gharwal king.
Makar Sankranti (Ghughutia): Observance of Makar Sankranti begins on the first of the month of Magh. On this day, ghuggis—a mixture of flour, semolina, coconut, and dry fruits—are produced and fed to a black crow.
Ghee Sankranti (Ogalia): Mid-September is the time of Ghee Sankranti. Ghee is applied on the head on this day.
Harela: On the first day of the Shravan month, it is observed. Five or seven different varieties of seeds are sowed in a vase ten days beforehand, and on the festival day, the mature leaves are cut and offered to the gods.
Bikhoti: In Uttarakhand, the equinox Sankranti is known as Bikhoti, and it is observed on the first day of the month of Baisakh.
Jagda:The god Mahasu is connected to this celebration.
Phooldei (Flower Solstice): On the first day of the Chait month, Phuldei is observed. People place flowers, commodities, rice, and coconuts in a wooden basket and place it at the main gate of the villagers’ homes. They then sing, pray, and put the basket there.
Bhitali: According to the Hindu calendar, Uttarakhand celebrates this event in the month of Chaitra. It occurs on the first day of Shravan and is widely observed throughout the state.
Chaintol: In the Pithoragarh district, the event is primarily observed during the month of Chait.
Bhirauli: The event is observed in support of children’s wellbeing.
Basant Panchami: Typically, it occurs in January or the Hindu month of Magh. People worship Goddess Saraswati with tremendous reverence on this auspicious day.
Ganga Dussehra: According to the Shukla Dashmi or English calendar, this festival is expected to be observed in May or June. The occasion is honoured in June. On this unique day, the holy River Ganga is revered.
Vat Savitri: At Vat Savitri’s Amavasya, people observe a fast. Married ladies who pray for their husbands’ long lives observe this fast.
Diwali: It also goes by the name Bagwal. The cow is worshipped and given sweets on the day of Diwali, and bhaila is played by lighting the light of a fruit peel.
Holi: Holi is celebrated for 2 days in Uttrakhand also the celebration for the Holi festival started before 1 weak of Holi.
Raksha Bandhan: In Uttarakhand, Raksha Bandhan is also known as Janyo-Punya, and it is observed on the full moon of the Shravan month. It stands for the ties that bind brothers and sisters.
SOOTHING CLIMATE OF UTTARAKHAND
The state of Uttarakhand is beloved for many reasons, one of which is its calming climate, which is always a highlight. Seasonal variations in temperature are observed. It also has significant seasonal rainfall, with January being the coldest month. Try to visit Uttarakhand in the cooler months since June is the hottest month there.
During the rainy season, landslides may occur in hilly places, and floods are frequent. Additionally, if you enjoy snow, you ought to go to the state between December and March.